From preventative measures to cutting-edge treatments, Courtesy Dental & Orthodontics will help you keep gum disease at bay so you can put your best face forward.
Gum disease is caused by plaque, a sticky film of bacteria that constantly forms on the surface of teeth. These bacteriam create toxins that can damage gums over time.
The most common instances of gum disease include:
Gingivitis is a mild inflammation of the gums, in which plaque and tarter gradually build up along the gum line. With this condition, your gums will appear red and puffy, and may bleed during brushing and flossing.
Periodontitis occurs when plaque spreads to the roots and results in infection, damaging the supporting bone and fibers. With this condition, gums may separate from the tooth and begin to recede. A small pocket forms below the gum line and traps plaque and food particles.
In the later stages of periodontitis, infection further destroys the supporting bone and fibers, causing the gum to recede even more. The tooth may shift or loosen, and the bite may change. If treatment can’t save the tooth, a dentist may decide to remove it to prevent further damage.
If you notice any of the following signs of gum disease, see your dentist immediately:
There are several ways to prevent gum disease, including:
Brushing, flossing, and professional cleanings can help to remove the plaque that eventually causes gum disease.
In this procedure, your dentist will scrape plaque and tartar from the tooth’s crown and roots. Scaling is usually performed along with root planing.
In Planing, your dentist smooths the rough surfaces of the tooth, allowing the gum to properly heal. This procedure may require several appointments.
First, your dentist will lift the gum from the tooth and bone so that infection can be removed. The infected bone may also be reshaped at this time. Then, following surgery, your dentist will reposition and suture the gum to hold it in place until it heals.